Dr. Israel Jacobowitz is the Director of Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery at Maimonides Medical Center in Brooklyn, NY. He completed his residency at New York University Medical Center, and his fellowship at Buffalo Children's Hospital. Dr. Jacobowitz has been one of the leading figures in cardiac surgery in New York State for more than 30 years. He has been the foundation of the Maimonides Medical Center Cardiac Surgery program since he first joined the staff in 1982, and served for many years as Chief of Cardiothoracic Surgery. He has an enormous experience in all aspects of cardiac surgery, including valve repair and valve replacement, aortic root surgery, left ventricular reconstruction for heart failure, and coronary artery surgery. Dr. Jacobowitz has been recognized by his peers for his outstanding results and for frequently performing surgery on high risk patients. Dr. Israel Jacobowitz has published extensively and is continually active in research. He has been one of the leading pioneers internationally in beating heart surgery (off-pump coronary artery bypass - OPCAB) having performed thousands of these operations. With the advance of technology in 1997, he became the leading figure in OPCAB in the Northeast. In addition Dr. Jacobowitz has been performing minimally invasive (small incision) valve and coronary artery bypass grafting for many years, having been one of the first surgeons to utilize the Da Vinci Robot to perform minimally invasive bypass surgery. In addition to cardiac surgery, Dr. Jacobowitz has a wealth of experience in carotid surgery and performs this procedure under local anesthesia. Dr. Jacobowitz has numerous professional affiliations. He is a Fellow of both the American College of Cardiology and the American College of Surgeons. Dr. Jacobowitz is a member of the Academy of Surgical Research, the American Heart Association Council on Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery , the American College of Chest Physicians, the American Society of Artificial Organs, the Association for Academic Surgery, the Brooklyn Surgical Society, the International Society for Minimally Invasive Cardiothoracic Surgery , Kings County Medical Society, the New York Cardiological Society, the New York Society for Thoracic Surgery, the New York Surgical Society, the Society of Thoracic Surgeons and the Spencer Surgical Society.