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Gynecologic Cancers

Our Approach

The gynecologic cancer team at Maimonides Cancer Center provides a warm, personalized environment in which every aspect of gynecologic cancer care is offered.  Gynecologic cancer is any cancer that starts in a woman’s reproductive organs. While they are often described as a category, each gynecologic cancer is unique. Each has different signs, symptoms, and risk factors.  Our team of experts includes gynecologist oncologists, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, radiologists, pathologists, nurse practitioners and dedicated support staff such as oncology certified nurses, dietitians, social workers, and psychologists.  The team works together collaboratively to develop a targeted care plan for each patient.


Maimonides specializes in procedures related to gynecologic problems and gynecologic oncology, including complex surgery for advanced and recurrent gynecologic malignancies, minimally invasive cancer surgery, intraperitoneal chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Surgeries performed robotically or laparoscopically allow women to return to normal activities sooner because they cause less post-operative pain, less blood loss, and minimal scarring.

About Gynecologic Cancers

The most common types of gynecologic cancers are:

  • Cervical cancer begins in the cervix, which is the lower, narrow end of the uterus (the uterus is also called the womb.)
  • Ovarian cancer begins in the ovaries, which are located on each side of the uterus.
  • Uterine cancer begins in the uterus, the pear-shaped organ in a woman's pelvis where the baby grows when a woman is pregnant.
  • Vaginal cancer begins in the vagina, which is the hollow, tube-like channel between the bottom of the uterus and the outside of the body.
  • Vulvar cancer begins in the vulva, the outer part of the female genital organs.
  • Gestational trophoblastic disease are tumors that derive from pregnancy related tissue.

The signs and symptoms shown below are often related to gynecologic cancer. However, not all women with gynecologic cancer have the same symptoms. And sometimes symptoms are difficult to recognize because they may be caused by or related to other conditions. That is why it is important to pay attention to your body and know what is normal for you. 

Each gynecologic cancer is unique, with different signs and symptoms, different risk factors (things that may increase your chance of getting a disease), different prevention strategies and different treatments. All women are at risk for gynecologic cancers, and risk increases with age.  However, when gynecologic cancers are found early, treatment is most effective. Please call a doctor or visit an emergency room immediately if you experience symptoms that could be indicative of a problem.


Gynecologic Cancer Symptoms


Cervical Cancer

Ovarian Cancer

Uterine Cancer

Vaginal Cancer

Vulvar Cancer

Abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge  X   X
Pelvic pain or pressure     X   X     X
Abdominal or back pain      X      
Bloating     X      
Changes in bathroom habits     X     X  
Itching or burning of the vulva            X
Changes in vulva color or skin, such as a rash, sores, or warts           X