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Anal Cancer

The Maimonides Cancer Center provides advanced care for patients with anal cancer. At Maimonides, you will receive care from an expert team committed to creating an individualized treatment plan for you. Our highly skilled team includes surgeons, medical oncologists, gastroenterologists, interventional radiologists, radiation oncologists, radiologists, pathologists, nurse practitioners, and dedicated and compassionate support staff. This group works together to provide you with the best possible outcome.

Anal cancer refers to cancer of the anus. The anus is the canal at the end of the large intestine, below the rectum. The exact cause of anal cancer is not known, but there is evidence that human papillomavirus (HPV) may be a contributing factor. Risk factors include those over 50 years of age, those who have HPV or HIV infections, and those who have cervical cancer or dysplasia.


Some anal cancers are asymptomatic, while others result in symptoms that often may be confused for symptoms of other health issues. If you suffer from anal bleeding, pain or pressure around the anus, itching or discharge from the anus, or a lump near the anus, you should see your primary care physician immediately.

Diagnostic Services

Maimonides diagnostic services offer state-of-the art imaging tools that allow physicians to pinpoint the location of cancer. Our equipment is utilized by recognized experts in their fields. Tests used to help diagnose anal cancer may include a digital rectal examination, MRI scan, PET scan and transrectal ultrasound.


We may recommend non-surgical procedures for your course of treatment, such as radiation therapy and chemotherapy, or a combination of treatments if needed. The form of treatment is often dictated by the stage of the cancer and its location. If surgery is necessary, our physicians use minimally invasive techniques whenever possible. Minimally invasive approaches reduce your time in the hospital, as well as your pain and recovery time after the procedure.

At Maimonides, we believe in treating the whole patient, not just the disease. This includes taking care of your well-being. Our entire environment at the cancer center is designed with your comfort in mind, in a patient-friendly atmosphere for you and your family.