Printer Friendly Version Email A Friend Add This Increase Text Size Decrease Text Size

Brain surgery - discharge


Alternate Names

Craniotomy - discharge; Surgery - brain - discharge; Neurosurgery - discharge; Craniectomy - discharge; Stereotactic craniotomy - discharge; Stereotactic brain biopsy - discharge; Endoscopic craniotomy - discharge

When You Were in the Hospital

Your doctor made an incision in your scalp and then drilled a small hole or removed a piece of your skull bone. Surgery was done to correct a problem with a blood vessel, infection, or in the brain tissue itself. You have spent some time in the intensive care unit and some more time in a regular hospital room. You may be taking new medicines.

What to Expect at Home

You will probably notice itchiness, pain, burning, and numbness along your surgical incision. You may hear a clicking sound where the bone is slowly re-attaching. Complete healing of the bone may take 6 to 12 months.

You may have headaches. You may notice this more with deep breathing, coughing, or being active. You may have less energy when you get home.

You will probably have a small amount of fluid underneath the skin near your incision. The swelling may be worse in the morning when you wake up.

You may go home taking anti-seizure drugs.

See also: Brain aneurysm - discharge


Take only the pain relievers your doctor or nurse recommends. Aspirin, ibuprofen (Motrin), and some other drugs you may buy at the store may cause bleeding.

You can eat your normal diet, unless your doctor or nurse gives you a special diet.

Slowly increase your activity. Start out with walking. It may take up to 3 weeks to get all of your energy back.

  • Use hand railings when you are on stairways.
  • Do not lift more than 20 pounds for the first 2 months.
  • Try not to bend over from your waist. It puts pressure on your head. Bend with your knees instead.

Ask your doctor when you may begin driving. You may have sexual activity, but take it easy when you first get home.

Get enough rest. Sleep more at night, and take naps during the day. Also, take short rest periods during the day.

Wound Care

Keep the incision clean and dry.

  • Wear a shower cap when you shower or bathe until your surgeon takes out any stitches or staples.
  • Afterward, gently wash your incision, rinse well, and pat dry.
  • Always change the bandage if it gets wet or dirty.

You may wear a loose hat or turban on your head if you like. Do not use a wig for 3 to 4 weeks.

Do not put any creams or lotions on or around your incision. Do not use hair products with harsh chemicals (coloring, bleach, perms, or straighteners) for 3 to 4 weeks.

You may place ice wrapped in a towel where you had your surgery to help reduce swelling or pain. Never sleep on an ice pack.

Sleep with your head raised on several pillows. This will also help reduce swelling.

When to Call the Doctor

Call your doctor if you have:

  • Fever of 101 °F or chills
  • Redness, swelling, discharge, pain, or bleeding from the incision or the incision comes open
  • Headache that does not go away and is not relieved by medicines the doctor gave you
  • Vision changes (double vision, blind spots in your vision)
  • Problems thinking straight, confusion, or more sleepiness than usual
  • Weakness in your arms or legs that you did not have before
  • New problems walking or keeping your balance
  • A hard time waking up
  • Seizure
  • Fluid or blood dripping into your throat
  • New or worsening problem speaking
  • Shortness of breath, chest pain, or are coughing up more mucus
  • Swelling around your wound or underneath your scalp that does not go away within 2 weeks or is getting worse

Patterson JT, Hanbali F, Franklin RL, Nauta HJW. Neurosurgey. In: Townsend CM, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery. 18th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 72.

Related Taxonomy

Review Date: 1/22/2009
Reviewed By: Daniel B. Hoch, PhD, MD, Assistant Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School, Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by URAC, also known as the American Accreditation HealthCare Commission ( URAC's accreditation program is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among the first to achieve this important distinction for online health information and services. Learn more about A.D.A.M.'s editorial policy, editorial process and privacy policy. A.D.A.M. is also a founding member of Hi-Ethics and subscribes to the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- 2009 A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

Home Page
Why Choose Us
Website Terms of Use

Visitor & Patient Info
Patient Portal
We Speak Your Language
Patient Privacy
Contact Us

Find a Physician
Medical Services
Maimonides In the News
Directions & Parking

Medical Education
Career Opportunities
Nurses & Physicians
Staff Intranet Access
Maimonides Medical Center    |    4802 Tenth Avenue    |    Brooklyn, NY 11219    |    718.283.6000    |